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This course will take place the day before the EMPC Conference in Pisa, Italy.
Low cost and reliability are the main important factors for the successful commercialization of MEMs devices. It is possible to decrease packaging costs by shifting from ceramic packages to wafer to wafer level packaging. On the other hand, the ability to maintain the suitable environmental conditions either vacuum or inert gas inside the package of electronics devices like is the key for assuring high reliability performances. The pressure requirements of some hermetically packaged devices such as gyroscopes, resonators, IR bolometers, RF devices and optical mirrors are very stringent.
Due to the desorption phenomena of gaseous species from the internal surfaces, the vacuum inside such a electronic devices, after bonding encapsulation, tends to degrade. Post process vacuum quality control and reliability for hermetic bonding is extremely important for overall device reliability and process yield. In this course we analyze the main factors that are critical in the vacuum design of hermetically sealed devices.
Comparisons evaluation of wafer level bonding techniques, gas sources, outgassing profiles of different materials used in MEMS as well as getter solutions are presented and discussed. We introduce a novel calculation model for vacuum sealed device lifetime prediction. New analytical method based on single die residual gas analyses (RGA) is presented.
The course is structured to be supportive to packaging engineers, MEMS bonding process engineers and generally to R&D personals that work in electronics devices design activities.
• Why hermetic vacuum packaging is required for electronic devices
• Hermetic packaging technologies available in the market (Wafer level, Discrete)
• Wafer level packaging (Pros and cons of direct Si bonding, glass frit bonding, anodic bonding, eutectic bonding, low temperature direct Si bonding)
• Target pressure and MEMS devices
• Gas sources into MEMS devices (leakage, outgassing, absorbed species, reversible/irreversible desorptions)
• Residual gases inside hermetically sealed devices (RGA analysis in electronics devices: the analytical method, measurements procedure and accuracy, examples of RGA of device with internal volume less than 0.1 mm3, reliability of the data)
• Outgassing measurements (materials and process selections suitable for MEMS in vacuum, outgassing tests methods: static and dynamic measurements)
• Example of outgassing studies in MEMS (MEMS gyroscopes, Micro bolometer)
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